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Policy Proposal Document Sources

Au LE, Gurzo K, Gosliner W, Webb KL, Crawford PB, Ritchie LD. (2018) “Eating School Meals Daily Is Associated with Healthier Dietary Intakes: The Healthy Communities Study.” Journal of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Accessed Aug 1, 2022.

Children’s Defense Fund. (2022). Infographic: Universal School Meals Are Essential for Advancing Racial Equity.

Children’s Health Watch (2014). “The Hunger Vital Sign: A New Standard of Care for Preventative Health.”

Feeding America. (2022). “Map the Meal Gap.” Accessed September 27, 2023.

Frisvold, D. E. (2015). Nutrition and cognitive achievement: an evaluation of the School Breakfast Program, . Accessed July 29, 2022.

Food Research and Action Center. (2019). “School Meals are Essential for Student Health and Learning.”

Food Research and Action Center. (2016). “Breakfast for Learning”

Food Research and Action Center. (2016). “Breakfast for Health.”

Food Research and Action Center. (2018). “The Connections Between Food Insecurity, the Federal Nutrition Programs, and Student Behavior.”

Food Research and Action Center. (2020). Food Over Fear: Overcoming Barriers to Connect Latinx Immigrant Families to Federal Nutrition and Food Programs.

Food Research and Action Center. (2022). Healthy School Meals for All Advances Racial Equity.

Jessie Handbury & Sarah Moshary, (2021). “School Food Policy Affects Everyone: Retail Responses to the National School Lunch Program” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, Accessed July 29, 2022.

John Cook, PhD & Karen Jeng, AB. (2015). “Child Food Insecurity: The Economic Impact on our Nation”

Michelle Marcus & Katherine G. Yewell, (2022.) “The Effect of Free School Meals on Household Food Purchases: Evidence from the Community Eligibility Provision,” Journal of Health Economics, Accessed July 29, 2022.

Nadeau, Carey Ann. “Living Wage Calculator—Living Wage Calculation for New York.” Living Wage Calculator, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology., Accessed July 26, 2022.

New York State Education Department. (2023). 2023-2024 Income Eligibility Guidelines for Free and Reduced Price Meals or Free Milk.

Ptomey, L. T., Steger, F. L., Schubert, M. M., Lee, J., Willis, E. A., Sullivan, D. K., Szabo-Reed, A. N., Washburn, R. A., & Donnelly, J. E. (2016). Breakfast intake and composition is associated with superior academic achievement in elementary schoolchildren,  Accessed July 29, 2022.

The Rockefeller Foundation. (2021). “True Cost of Food: School Meals Case Study”

The Education Trust. (2021). “School Meals Are a Key Part of Educational Equity”.

Vaisman, N., Voet, H., Akivis, A., & Vakil, E., (1996). Effects of Breakfast Timing on Cognitive Functions of Elementary School Students. Available at: Accessed July 29, 2022.

US Census Bureau. (2022). Less Hunger in At-Risk Households During Pandemic Expansion of School Meals Program.

USDA. (2022) National School Lunch Program: Cash Payments. Retrieved from:

USDA. (2022). School Breakfast Program: Cash Payments. Retrieved from:

Take Action

Learn about the different ways that you can get involved today.

We are advocating for New York to establish and fund Healthy School Meals for All in the FY2025 state budget.

Learn more about the budget process and how you can get involved.